Habitat Steppnig Stones project


Parramatta is one of the oldest settled communities in Australia yet still contains significant bushland and waterways. Our local government area straddles the junction between the Hornsby Plateau (Hawkesbury Sandstone) and the Cumberland Plain (Wianamatta Shale) which results in a diversity of geology, topography, soil landscapes and climatic variations. We have approximately 840 hectares of remnant native vegetation, of which approximately 500 hectares is located within the following riparian corridors and core bushland reserves:

  • waterfallDarling Mills Creek (Northmead, North Rocks)
  • Devlins Creek (Beecroft, Carlingford)
  • Edna Hunt Sanctuary (Epping)
  • Terrys Creek (Eastwood, Epping)
  • Hunts Creek (North Rocks, Carlingford)
  • Lake Parramatta Reserve (North Parramatta)
  • Newington Nature Reserve (Sydney Olympic Park)*
  • Quarry Branch Creek (Northmead, Winston Hills)
  • Ponds-Subiaco Creek (Carlingford, Dundas, Dundas Valley, Rydalmere)
  • Toongabbie Creek (Constitution Hill, Northmead, Old Toongabbie, Toongabbie, Wentworthville, Westmead, Winston Hills)
  • Vineyard Creek (Dundas, Oatlands, Telopea)

*Managed by Sydney Olympic Park Authority

Native Plants & Animals

In recent studies we have recorded over 660 species of plants and more than 260 animal species. Our plants and animals live in a number of different ecosystems (terrestrial and aquatic habitats) comprising 19 different vegetation communities. Many of our plants and animals are currently threatened with extinction and listed under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 including; 11 of our 19 vegetation communities, 29 of our 262 animal species and 19 of our 662 plant species. The 10 Endangered Ecological Communities (bushland) within Parramatta local government area include:

bush turkey

  • Blue Gum High Forest
  • Castlereagh Ironbark Forest
  • Coastal Saltmarsh
  • Cumberland Plain Woodland
  • Freshwater Wetlands
  • River-Flat Eucalypt Forest
  • Shale Gravel Transition Forest
  • Swamp Oak Floodplain Forest
  • Swamp Sclerophyll Forest
  • Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest

Urban Impacts

Bushland in Parramatta is subject to impacts from the urban surrounds. Impacts on urban bushland remnants are caused by; stormwater runoff, sewage overflows, dumping of rubbish, soils and plant matter, understorey clearing and mowing, inappropriate fire regimes, incremental edge clearing, track proliferation, vandalism, and non-native animals entering bushland. The resulting impacts include; erosion and sedimentation in waterways, raised levels of nutrients in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, prolific weed growth, native vegetation dieback, changes in vegetation structure and species composition, and reduction in native wildlife.

For more information contact Council's Natural Resources Team on 9806 5050 or NSW Office of Environment & Heritage or the NSW Threatened Species Act.

Last updated on 20 Oct 2016